October 28 is Independent Czechoslovak State Day, and most large stores over 200 square meters will close due to the law passed in 2016.
Pharmacies, gas stations, and stores in airports, hospitals and train stations are not included in the law. Stores under 200 square meters, such as local grocery stores, can also remain open.
If you are used to buying your groceries in large stores such as Tesco, Lidl, Albert etc, you will have to buy them at least one day before a holiday.
The law covers the following public holidays:
- 1st January,
- Easter Monday,
- 8th May (the Victory Day),
- 28th September (Day of St. Vaclav / Czech Statehood Day),
- 28th October (Independent Czechoslovak State Day),
- 25th and 26th December (Christmas Holidays).
Violators of the law can face fines up to Kč 1 million, and some fines have been levied in the past.
The First World War that rewrote the history of Europe ended in 1918. Old states ceased to exist and new states were born: an independent Czechoslovakia was among the latter. One-hundred years later, Czechoslovakia no longer exists, but the Czech Republic nonetheless commemorates this momentous anniversary.
The celebrations will come to a peak on 28 October, the day when independent Czechoslovakia was officially founded in 1918.
The Czechoslovak Declaration of Independence was drafted in October 1918 in Washington, D.C., and is sometimes called the Washington Declaration (Washingtonská deklarace). It was signed by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, Milan Rastislav Štefánik and Edvard Beneš.