The percentage of employed persons aged 15 to 64 in the European Union (EU) who usually work from home stood at 5.0% in 2018. This figure was highest in the Netherlands (14%), followed by Finland (13.3%) and Luxembourg (11%), and lowest in Bulgaria (0.3%) and Romania (0.4%).
Working from home was slightly more common in the euro area (5.7% of employed persons) than in the EU as a whole.
In the Czech Republic, there are about 206,000 home office workers.
“Working from home or at a distance is increasingly common among Czechs. Ten years ago, there were less than 85,000”, said Jan Krupicka from Europe in Data.
According to Deloitte, home office is more frequent among experienced people in managerial positions (69 percent) than among middle-aged (40 percent) and lower-level workers (36 percent), said Pavel Šimák, Strategy and Operations manager.
The percentage of employed persons in the EU who sometimes work from home has increased steadily over the years, from 7.7% in 2008 to 9.6% in 2017, although the figure in 2017 was down slightly from 2016 (9.8%).
In the EU, more self-employed persons usually worked from home (18.1%) than employees (2.8%). This was true in all Member States.
More women than men work from home in most Member States
In 2017, a slightly higher proportion of women in the EU usually worked from home (5.4%) than men (4.7%). However, in a few Member States, the situation was the reverse, with more men usually working from home than women. This was noticeably the case in the Netherlands (14.7% of men, compared to 12.6% of women) and Denmark (9.5% compared to 7.6%).
Working from home becomes more common with age
The frequency of working from home increases with age. Only 1.6% of 15- 24 year-olds in the EU usually worked from home in 2017, rising to 4.7% of 25-49 year-olds and 6.4% of 50-64 year-olds. The highest proportion of 15-24 year-olds who regularly worked from home was recorded in Luxembourg (10.4%), way ahead of the next-closest Member State, the Netherlands (4.2%).
For the other age categories, the Netherlands came out top (14.8% of 25-49 year-olds and 16.6% of 50-64 year-olds), followed by Finland (13.1% of 25-49 year-olds and 13.6% of 50-64 year-olds).